In terms of quality of life, the centre-north wins: Bologna first, Rome loses 18 positions

In terms of quality of life, the centre-north wins: Bologna first, Rome loses 18 positions

The Sole 24 Ore ranking shows the gap between southern and northern cities. But on health and renewables it is all of Italy that needs to improve

The report on the quality of life in Italy, with data and infographics, drawn up by Sun 24 Hours, has reached the 33rd edition. At the top of the ranking is confirmed the central north and in particular the city of Bologna who, with 5 points more than last year, conquers the record for the fifth time. In second place is Bolzano, followed by Florence (both up in indicators compared to last year). Last three places: Caltanissetta, Isernia and Crotone. Isernia scores 25 points lower than last year, mostly motivated by the long duration of civil cases and the last place in the Municipality’s collection capacity.

The ranking is the result of scores awarded on 90 indicators, which this year have undergone some changes compared to the previous ones. In fact, some have been added that concern energy from renewable sources, requalification and energy consumption. To these are added new parameters on participation in elections and others related to gender, which deepen the quality of life for women.

Rome in 31st place: -18 positions

In the ranking, the country’s two most populous cities, Rome and Milan, slip to the bottom. The Lombard capital passes from second to eighth place while the capital, in the year of the establishment of the new council led by mayor Roberto Gualtieri, collapses to 31st position. Both cities stand out in the top 3 of the labor and health indices. But, to weigh on the score of Rome, there is the negative record in the index on litigation within the courts; so much so that it ranks 106th for justice and security. But Rome also gets worse in the “environment and services” box: it is in fact third last in Italy for the services offered to young people (wedding, first child, sport…). Rome loses positions, even if less, in the rankings of “culture and leisure” and gender equality.

Gender issues: the quality of life of women

In the gender index it is the province of Monza and Brianza to conquer the primacy of well-being. Immediately after Treviso and Cagliari. The Lombardy province emerges positively due to the lowest gender employment gap in the peninsula (7.1 per cent compared to 19.4 per cent). Furthermore, Monza and Brianza takes second place for the level of female employment and for the number of days paid to female employees.

Education also identifies gender gaps, and in this case it is southern Italy that excels. Although, in fact, the employment numbers are very low (the last places are dedicated to the Sicilian and Calabrian provinces), those concerning female graduates give the first places to Benevento, Avellino and Caltanissetta (and the first ten places are all from the south). And in this ranking, Crotonwhich is also the last municipality in Italy for quality of life, takes second place for businesses with owners under the age of 35 (that is, more than 12 percent of the total).

Too little is still being done on health and renewables

The data concerning health, especially after the pandemic, and those on the use of renewable sources to produce energy are not yet satisfactory. In fact, the national health system shows important gaps, in particular for proximity health careIn two cities, Florence and Naples, one doctor out of ten was lost in one year. And the report indicates that these welfare gaps risk worsening due to the lack of funding provided for by the budget law. In total, in the country, the number of family doctors fell by 19 percent from 2021 to 2022; this is because many of them have retired and there are not enough young people to replace them.

Renewable sources are the other problematic front linked to the entire peninsula. Indeed, the share of electricity produced without using fossil fuels remained almost unchanged in 2021. At the top of the ranking on the increase in renewables are Terni (+37 percent), Lucca (+31 percent) and Frosinone (+29 percent). Although in terms of quantity of energy produced from sustainable sources, municipalities with less population density tend to stand out positively, precisely because they can allocate part of their territory to the necessary installations; and therefore on the podium are Benevento, Aosta and the Barletta-Andria-Trani triad. Finally, one of the new parameters is that of sustainable public lighting: it should be noted that there are ten municipalities in Italy that only use LED lights. But in most cases the transition has yet to begin.

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