Climate, no country is meeting the targets for 1.5 degrees and Italy is worse off than the others

Climate, no country is meeting the targets for 1.5 degrees and Italy is worse off than the others

SHARM EL-SHEIKH. Which countries are meeting their climate commitments? Nobody, least of all Italy, which stops at a mediocre 29th place in the special ranking on the climatic performance of governments. The podium again this year remained desolately deserted: none of the states taken into consideration has in fact achieved the objectives necessary to face global warming and to contain the increase in average temperature within the critical threshold of 1.5 ° C at the end of the century. . They shine though Denmark And Swedenrespectively in fourth and fifth place, and are not a little surprising Chile, Morocco And Indiawhich occupy the sixth to eighth position.

The scenario is the one drawn this morning, in the Luxor room of Cop27 in Sharm El Sheikh, from the presentation of Climate Change Performance Index 2023report prepared by Germanwatchthe Bonn-based non-governmental organization that has been monitoring public environmental policies since 1991, in collaboration with Climate Action Network, NewClimate Institute and with Legambiente for Italy. The analysis takes into consideration 59 nations, plus the European Union as a whole, representing 90% of the planet’s climate-altering emissions. Performances have as a reference parameter the objectives ofParis Agreement they commitments undertaken by 2030 and are measured through an index based for the 40% on the emission trend, for 20% on the development of renewables and energy efficiency and for the remainder 20% on climate policy.


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This explains it stalemate in Italy, which compared to last year’s edition of the report climbs only one position (from the 30th to the 29th, in fact) and does not break away from the center-ranking. To weigh, the report reads, “are mainly the slowdown in the development of renewables and a climate policy that is still inadequate to face the emergency”.

“We need a drastic turnaround,” he confirms Stefano Ciafani, national president of Legambiente. “The National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan (Pniec) must be updated as soon as possible, to ensure a reduction in our climate-altering emissions, in line with the 1.5 ° C target, of at least 65% by 2030”. In fact, the Pniec in its current version allows emissions to be cut by just 37% compared to 1990 by 2030. “But the phase-out of coal by 2025 “, continues Ciafani,” without resorting to new gas plants. Italy can hit the climate target of 65%, above all thanks to the contribution of renewablesbut it must speed up both the interminable authorization process of large industrial plants powered by clean sources and those of energy communities, caused above all by the conflicts between the Ministry of the Environment and Culture and by the non-compliance of the Regions “.

Between G20 countrieswho will meet in Bali from tomorrow to also talk about climate, only India (eighth place), United Kingdom (eleventh) e Germany (sixteenth) are positioned at the top of the ranking, while theEuropean Union climbs three steps compared to last year, reaching 19th place thanks to nine countries positioned at the top of the ranking, however held back by the poor performance of Hungary And Poland which continue to be the tail.


The polluter map indicating company-by-company emissions

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There Chinathe largest responsible for global emissions, slips to 51st place, losing 13 positions compared to last year: despite the great development of renewables, Chinese emissions continue to grow due to the strong use of coal and the poor energy efficiency of the production system. One step lower, in 52nd place, are placed the United Statesthe second global emitter which, however, gains three positions compared to last year: a result attributable to the new climate and energy policy of the Biden Administration.

The summit

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In the bottom three places of the ranking, three exporters and users of fossil fuels: Iran, Saudi Arabia And Kazakhstan.

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